Time Line and Photos of Korean War


In commemoration the 1950-53 Korean War, which ended in an armistice agreement and should be replaced by a peace treaty, PK carries memorable dates and photos on its website.

!A_US_so.ldi.jpg (46899 バイト)

A U.S. soldier marks "38" on the road upon his enter
to Korea in September 1945, shortly after Korea's liberation.

1950

June 25 -- Early in the morning, U.S.-employed south Korean troops invaded Onjin Peninsula. Mustering up all Korean People's Army, Premier Kim Il Sung declares a duel with the U.S. invaders which was seeking to make Korea a stepping stone to its Asian invasion.

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DPRK artillery unit at an unknown battle front.


June 28 to 29 -- Seoul captured by KPA and south Korean army units are destroyed.

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Seoulites welcome KPA liberators.

July 3 -- South Korean forces are mistakenly attacked by the U.S. air forces.

July 7 -- The U.S. creates United Nations Command, alias U.S. Command, under General Douglas MacArthur.

July 10 to 12 -- The U.S. Forces retreat southward along the Seoul-Taejon road.

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A KPA soldier writes on the board which read:
"Leaving liberated Taejon city, we shall march further!"

July 19 to 22 -- Battle for Taejon. The U.S. troops retreat. Major General William F. Dean captured by KPA. The U.S. 4th Infantry Regiment, 24th Division, and the 8th Army reduced to paper status.

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After the liberation of Taejon city, KPA fighters
pursued continuously the fleeing enemies.

September 4 -- The U.S. 5th Marine ordered by General MacArthur to land on Inchon.

September 15 -- Inchon landings (Code named Chromite).

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Blitz landfall on port city of Inchon by the U.S. Forces.


September 19 to 29 -- Attack and capture of Seoul by UN troops

September 29 -- UN Commander General MacArthur and his running dog Syngman Rhee enter Seoul.

October 1 -- UN troops cross the 38th parallel.

October 17 to December 30 -- The U.S. soldiers occupied Sinchon city and kill some 35,300 citizens or roughly a quarter of its total population of 140,000.

October 19 -- Pyongyang falls to UN Forces.

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Pyongyang bombed.

November 5 -- General MacArthur orders the bombing of the Korean ends of Amrok Bridges as well as all factories, lines of communications, cities and villages.

November 21 -- The U.S. 17th Regiment advances to the River Amrok.

November 24 -- Mac Arthur's final "home by Christmas" offensive begins.

November 25 -- Chinese volunteers strike at the U.S. 8th Army along the Chongchon River in the west.

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An army of Chinese volunteers cross the River Amrok
to fight with the DPRK against their common foe U.S. invaders.


November 26 to December 1 -- The U.S. 2nd and 25th Divisions are defeated along the Chongchon River and retreat.

November 30 -- President Truman in a press conference threatens use of atomic bomb against Pyongyang.

December 14 -- The U.S. proposes a UN cease-fire resolution, while mapping out its fresh northward invasion plan.


1951

January 3 -- The KPA and Chinese volunteers begin New Year offensive. General Ridgeway orders Seoul to be evacuated.

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Chinese volunteers heading for battle front.

February 1-- The U.S.-led UN resolution labels China an "aggressor" and votes to end the Korean conflict immediately and unconditionally.

February 18 to March 17 -- General Ridgeway orders an offensive code named "Killer"intended to occupy a strategically important "height of 1211" but in vain.

March 7 -- The US troops launches operation "Ripper." The 8th Army crosses the River Han.

March 18 -- Seoul retaken by the UN Forces

April 11 -- General MacArthur recalled for misleading the U.S. Forces to a series of defeats.

July 10 -- Truce talks begin at Kaesong.

August 23 -- Talks break off as the U.S. violates terms with the DPRK including all foreign troops withdrawal. The U.S. also seeks to advance the 38th parallel further northward, thus demanding 13,000 sq. kilometers of land or about one-twentieth of the DPRK's entire territory.

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A rusty locomotive use to run between the north and south.

November 27 -- Truce talks resume at Panmunjom and a cease-fire line was agreed upon at the line of contact.

1952

January 2 -- The U.S. proposal on POW exchange.

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Farmers engage in agriculture despite threat of U.S. bombardment.

December 5 to 8 -- President-elect Eisenhower comes to Korea to intensify UN Forces' psychological warfare.

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North Koreans committed to KPA by boosting output of weapons.

 

1953

March 28 --  Premier Kim Il Sung and Chinese Commander-in-Chief Peng Teh Huai agree to the POW exchange proposed by U.S. General Clark.

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Jubilant Pyongyangites celebrate victory of the Korean War.

May 3 -- Completion of the exchange of sick and wounded POWs.

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KPA's triumph return from the 1950-53 Korean War.

July 27 -- Cease-fire signed by Lieutenant General Nam Il and Lieutenant General William K. Harrison at 10:00 am at Panmunjom about 12 hours after the fighting ends.

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